For the progress of science and the essential benefits it provides in responding to increasing societal demands for solutions to today’s challenges, science systems must be open and agile, so they can adjust in ways that safeguard scientific freedom and advance scientific responsibility, rigour and relevance.

    The Evolution of Science and Science Systems

    Scientific procedures, scientific organizations and scientists themselves must continually adapt to changes in knowledge, technologies and societal norms. Science systems must be open and agile, and should adjust in ways that safeguard scientific freedom and advance scientific responsibility, rigour and relevance. Traditional systems of scientific discovery and innovation have given the world immensely beneficial and transformative knowledge and innovation.

    Now they must respond to pressures for greater interdisciplinary and transdisciplinary collaboration, to the explosion of digital technologies, as well as the imperative to ensure that science systems represent and promote the intellectual contributions of women and other under-represented groups, and respect and engage with indigenous knowledge. There is increasing recognition of the need for change in scientific systems, including the reform of academic incentives, funding systems, processes of scientific publication, and scientific norms in the private sector.

    The ISC’s projects and programmes under Domain Four include:

    • 4.1 Gender equality in science: from awareness to transformation: Increased gender equality in global science, through improved sharing and use of evidence for gender policies and programmes in scientific institutions and organizations at national, regional and international levels.
    • 4.2 Refugee and displaced scientists: Increased international awareness of and attention to the issue of refugee and displaced scientists, through the establishment of a global network of institutions supporting them.
    • 4.3 Open Science in the Global South: Positioning scientists and science systems in the Global South at the cutting edge of data-intensive open science, through the development of efficiencies of scale, the creation of critical mass through shared capacities, and amplifying impact through a commonality of purpose and voice at regional levels.
    • 4.4 The future of scientific publishing: Agreement on a set of principles for scientific publishing to maximise benefit to global science and wider audiences for scientific research; and their advocacy among the wider community of science producers, users, funders and publishers.
    • 4.5 Knowledge production and diffusion as global public goods: To identify and promote systems of metrics, and rules for their use. that could be adopted at national level and which would enhance the value of research in serving the public good.

    Domain Four, along with the ISC’s three other domains – The 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development, The Digital Revolution and Science in Policy and Public Discourse  – can be found in the Council’s Action Plan and in greater detail in the full working papers below.

    Work with the ISC to Advance Science as a Global Public Good. secretariat@council.science


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